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April Flora Spotlight:
Celandine Poppy

Celandine Poppy
Stylophorum diphyllum


The Celandine Poppy is a perennial plant native to eastern North America. It grows to 1 1/2 feet in height and prefers filtered shade. It flowers in April with 2 inch bright yellow buttercup-like blooms that form in clusters and light up a dark spot in the garden. The Celandine Poppy, also known as wood poppy, is a popular plant for woodland gardens. It should be grown in dappled sunlight underneath a tree, or along the foundation of a building in partial shade. It adapts best to rich loamy soil and moist to mesic conditions. Vegetative growth occurs during the spring before the trees fully leaf out. 

The flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects. The seeds are distributed by ants, which are attracted to their fleshy appendages. The foliage is toxic and avoided by mammalian herbivores. The plant produces a yellow sap once used by Native Americans as a dye; dipyllum refers to the fact that only plants with 2 leaves bloom. 
Celandine Poppy can be grown in phenomenal quantities by broadcasting its seeds over a moist, exposed forest floor, as one might do with grass seed to create a lawn. This woodland native will self-sow and multiply when happy. Grow it with other shade-tolerant species such as Foamflower, Columbine, Bleeding Heart, Wild Ginger, and Phlox. Celandine Poppy is good for beginners. 

This plant and many other wildflowers, trees, shrubs and grasses will be for sale at “Days in the Garden” May 1 and 2 at the Botanical Gardens’ 40th Annual Plant Sale. 


  
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